Smokers with HIV more at risk of lung cancer than AIDS

Smokers with HIV more at risk of lung cancer than AIDS

People living with HIV who adhere to antiretroviral therapy but smoke tobacco cigarettes are more likely to die from lung cancer than from AIDS, a study led by an Indian-origin researcher has revealed.Read also:Surroundings can also be the reason for lung cancer

What findings showed?

  • The findings showed that overall people with HIV who take antiviral medicines.
  • But who also smoke are six to 13 times more likely to die from lung cancer than from HIV/AIDS.
  • In addition,depending on the intensity of smoking and their sex.
  • Smoking and HIV are a particularly bad combination when it comes to lung cancer.
  • Lung cancer is now one of the leading killers of people with HIV, but most of these deaths can be prevented.
Read also:Hormone therapy may risk lung function in women
  • Among men who continued to be heavy smokers, an estimated 29 per cent would die of lung cancer by age 80.
  • As would 23 per cent of moderate smokers and 19 per cent of light smokers.
  • For women who continued to be heavy smokers, an estimated 29 per cent would die of lung cancer by age 80.
  • As would 21 per cent of moderate smokers and 17 per cent of light smokers.

Results:

  • The data tell us that now is the time for action.
  • Smoking cessation programmes should be integrated into HIV care just like antiviral therapy.
  • However, among those who managed to quit smoking at age 40, only about six per cent die of lung cancer.
  • "Quitting smoking is one of the most important things that people with HIV can do to improve their health and live longer".
  • Besides reducing the risk of lung cancer, quitting will also decrease their risk of other diseases.
  • Such as heart attack, stroke and emphysema, the researchers said.

Share it
Share it
Share it
Top